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:: Volume 19, Issue 3 (Autumn 2022) ::
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2022, 19(3): 243-255 Back to browse issues page
Management of stem cell transplantation with major ABO blood group incompatibility: Pure Red cell aplasia
M. Soleimani, F. Tavakoli, M. Ghadyani, M. Mohammadian Rastani, M. Tabarraee, E. Roshandel
Abstract:   (93 Views)
Abstract
Background and Objectives
ABO-incompatible allo-HSCT leads to complications like pure red cell aplasia (PRCA), which involves 7-16% of ABO-incompatible recipients. In this condition, albeit the development of other hematopoietic lineages in the bone marrow engraftment is successful, erythroid precursors are missing; thus, patients may require blood transfusions because of severe anemia. An extensive variety of treatment strategies has been introduced for treating PRCA patients. This study reviewed the various PRCA treatments following allo-HSCT.

Materials and Methods
In this Review study, keywords including Pure Red-Cell Aplasia, Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, and ABO Blood-Group System were searched in PubMed and Google Scholar databases. Sixty-four articles were reviewed, and related data were extracted.

Results
There are three main approaches for treating PRCA: erythropoiesis with erythropoietin, reducing isoagglutinin levels, and immunomodulatory therapies/graft versus plasma cell effect.

Conclusions 
Monoclonal antibody drugs targeting plasma cells have shown unprecedented results. Overall, PRCA management ways incorporate: individual patients’ evaluation in order to select the proper treatment management for each case, a thorough monitoring approach from the first day of hospitalization, and predicting the possibility of PRCA as indicated by blood group antibodies’ levels.


 
Keywords: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, ABO Blood-Group System, Pure Red-Cell Aplasia
Full-Text [PDF 551 kb]   (36 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Hematology
Published: 2022/10/2
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Soleimani M, Tavakoli F, Ghadyani M, Mohammadian Rastani M, Tabarraee M, Roshandel E. Management of stem cell transplantation with major ABO blood group incompatibility: Pure Red cell aplasia. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2022; 19 (3) :243-255
URL: http://bloodjournal.ir/article-1-1443-en.html


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Volume 19, Issue 3 (Autumn 2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پژوهشی خون Scientific Journal of Iran Blood Transfus Organ
The Scientific Journal of Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization - Copyright 2006 by IBTO
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