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:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (Winter 2010) ::
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2010, 6(4): 276-282 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence and clinical or laboratory features of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria in patients referred to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
H. Noorani Khojasteh Dr., M. Ramzi Dr. , N. Kohan
Abstract:   (30884 Views)

  Abstract

 Background and Objectives

 PNH is a chronic hemolytic disease. Due to rarity and absence of any clear statistical and epidemiologic information about this disease, the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, and clinical or laboratory signs about PNH in patients that referred to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

 

 Materials and Methods

 We reviewed 18 PNH-affected cases admitted in Namazee and Shahid Faghihi hospitals during 1 977 -2008. To evaluate patients' data, we designed a questionnaire that addressed demographic, clinical, and laboratory features, together with diagnosis and relevant treatment procedures.

 

 Results

 Out of the patients, there were 11 male and 7 female all within the age range of 14-57 years. The most common clinical features were anemia and pallor in 17 patients (94.4%), jaundice in 10 (55.5%), aplastic anemia in 6 (33.3%), and vein thrombosis in 5 (27.7%). Pancytopenia was reported in 50% of patients. As far as the treatment procedures are concerned, the patients were shown to be treated with prednisolon, folic acid, danazol, iron and antiplatelet drugs. There were also 10 patients who recieved blood transfusion because of low Hb levels.

 

 Conclusions

 PNH is a rare and chronic disease that should be considered in all patients with hemolytic anemia where other possiblities causes have been eliminated.

 

 Key words : Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria, Anemia, Aplastic, Thrombosis, Iran

 

Keywords: Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria, Anemia, Aplastic, Thrombosis, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 238 kb]   (2817 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Hematology
Published: 2014/08/17
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Noorani Khojasteh H, Ramzi M, Kohan N. Prevalence and clinical or laboratory features of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria in patients referred to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ. 2010; 6 (4) :276-282
URL: http://bloodjournal.ir/article-1-370-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 4 (Winter 2010) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پژوهشی خون Scientific Journal of Iran Blood Transfus Organ
The Scientific Journal of Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization - Copyright 2006 by IBTO
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