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:: Volume 17, Issue 2 (Summer 2020) ::
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2020, 17(2): 83-90 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of anti-HBc in HBsAg negative blood donors using two enzyme immunoassays kits
َA. Bahrami, Z. Sharifi Dr. , M. Parsania ِDr., S. Haghighat Dr.
Abstract:   (614 Views)
Abstract
Background and Objectives
Use of kits with high sensitivity and specificity to determine the prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis B virus (anti-HBc) core antigen is important. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B virus antibody in HBsAg negative blood donors using two anti-HBc enzyme immunoassay kits (DIA.PRO and SIEMENS).
 
Materials and Methods
In this Cross-sectional study, a number of 4313 samples of HBsAg negative blood donors were collected. All samples were tested for the detection of anti-HBc (Total, IgM & IgG) by ELISA using Diapro and Siemens kits. Anti-HBc assay was performed by both kits in duplicate. Statistical analysis of data was performed using SPSS Ver. 22.0; chi-square tests were also performed.
 
Results
The study population consisted of 227 (5.3%) women and 4086 (94.7%) men. 498 (11.5%) and 384 (8.9%) samples reacted with Diapro and Siemens kits for Anti-HBc, respectively. All positive samples of both kits in duplicate test showed the same results as the previously reported results. 114 cases of reactive kits of DIA.PRO kit were negative in re-testing with SIEMENS kit. Significant differences were observed between the reactive results of the two kits (p = 0.00005).  The kappa coefficient for the reactive results of the two kits was 85%.
 
Conclusions 
Considering the significant difference between the results of the two kits, it is recommended to perform anti-HBc testing with anti-HBs and /or anti-HBe to determine the prevalence of anti-HBc in blood donors with past HBV infection.
 

Keywords: Key words: Hepatitis B, Blood Donors, Iran
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Virology
Published: 2020/06/30
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Bahrami َ, Sharifi Z, Parsania M, Haghighat S. Prevalence of anti-HBc in HBsAg negative blood donors using two enzyme immunoassays kits. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ. 2020; 17 (2) :83-90
URL: http://bloodjournal.ir/article-1-1316-en.html


Volume 17, Issue 2 (Summer 2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پژوهشی خون Scientific Journal of Iran Blood Transfus Organ
The Scientific Journal of Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization - Copyright 2006 by IBTO
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