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:: Volume 4, Issue 1 (Spring 2007) ::
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2007, 4(1): 1-9 Back to browse issues page
CMV detection and monitoring in Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) recipients by Real-Time PCR (RQ-PCR)
N. Obeidi, H. Ghaffari , A. Gharehbaghian, K. Alimoghaddam, M. Dehghan, A. Ghavamzadeh, A. Shamshiri
Abstract:   (13765 Views)

  Abstract

 Background and Objectives

 Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an important pathogen in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation. The prevalence of CMV varies from 30-100% in different countries as shown by seroepidemiological studies. Only 20-25% of patients develop CMV disease. Because of the similarity between CMV and GVHD and the different therapies required, detection of viral load will be effective in patients' survival.

 

 Materials and Methods

 51 recipients of BMT were monitored for 100 days post-BMT during which the samples were collected weekly. The Real-Time PCR was developed for quantitation of CMV viral DNA, using TaqMan tecnnology. For generation of standard curve, UL83 gene from CMV was cloned into a plasmid using a T/A cloning procedure. RQ-PCR assay was preformed in parallel with pp65 antigenemia assay on 415 samples.

  

 Results

 The results obtained by both techniques were significantly correlated (p<0.01). We could detect 13×101 -15×107 (CMV DNA copies/2×105 cells) by RQ-PCR method. About 76% of patients developed at least one episode of CMV reactivation. First positive result of RQ-PCR appeared 13 days earlier than of pp65 antigenemia. After preemptive therapy, 16 days were required to achieve negative result by RQ-PCR.

 

 Conclusions

 Both assays were highly correlated however, RQ-PCR was more sensitive than the antigenemia assay. After preemptive therapy, negative results of RQ-PCR were the best indicator to determine the endpoint of treatment and its success.

  

 Key words : Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT), PCR.

Keywords: Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT), PCR.
Full-Text [PDF 420 kb]   (2850 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Published: 2014/08/17
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Obeidi N, Ghaffari H, Gharehbaghian A, Alimoghaddam K, Dehghan M, Ghavamzadeh A et al . CMV detection and monitoring in Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) recipients by Real-Time PCR (RQ-PCR). Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ. 2007; 4 (1) :1-9
URL: http://bloodjournal.ir/article-1-144-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 1 (Spring 2007) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پژوهشی خون Scientific Journal of Iran Blood Transfus Organ
The Scientific Journal of Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization - Copyright 2006 by IBTO
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