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:: Volume 16, Issue 2 (Summer 2019) ::
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2019, 16(2): 91-102 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of platelet antigens and antibodies in patients with platelet refractoriness
M. Mostakhdemin Hosseini, Sh. Samiee, M. Shaiegan Dr. , S. Mohammadi Dr., H. Jalaiekhoo Dr., P. Tabatabiepanah, S. Modarresi Dr.
Abstract:   (493 Views)
Abstract
Background and Objectives
Immune platelet refractoriness is a complication of blood transfusion in patients with multiple platelet transfusions. Antibodies against surface antigens, including human platelet antigens (HPAs) and human leukocyte antigens (HLAs), can be produced which can cause the degradation of transfused platelets by macrophages. In this study, the frequency of platelet antigens and antibodies against both HPAs and HLAs is evaluated in patients with platelet refractoriness.
 
Materials and Methods
In this descriptive study, the simultaneous analyses of antigens of HPA-1/ -2/ -3/ -4/ -5/ -15 by molecular method (PCR-SSP), screening of platelet antibodies by flow cytometry, and anti-HLA-I antibodies by panel reactive antibody (PRA) assay were evaluated in 49 patients with platelet refractoriness.
 
Results
Out of 49 patients (including 18 females and 31 males) with platelet refractoriness, the platelet count in women was 6400 ± 3202 (range  of 1000-10000 cells/μl) and in men 7283 ± 2518 cell/μl (range of 3000-10000) showing no significance (p = 0.055). No case of HPA-4b, HPA-5b was found in this study. Anti-HLA antibodies and anti-HPA antibodies were detected in 61.2% and 4% of the patients, respectively.
 
Conclusions 
The data from our study showed that the frequencies of the allele a for HPA-1 / -3 / -4 / -5 and the allele b for HPA-2 / -15 were higher in the studied population. The frequencies of alleles and genotypes between the studied group and Iranian blood donors were different and can explain the occurrence of platelet resistance among the patients.
 
 
Keywords: Key words: Platelets, Flow Cytometry, Antibodies, Antigens
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Imunology
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Mostakhdemin Hosseini M, Samiee S, Shaiegan M, Mohammadi S, Jalaiekhoo H, Tabatabiepanah P et al . Evaluation of platelet antigens and antibodies in patients with platelet refractoriness. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ. 2019; 16 (2) :91-102
URL: http://bloodjournal.ir/article-1-1233-en.html


Volume 16, Issue 2 (Summer 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پژوهشی خون Scientific Journal of Iran Blood Transfus Organ
The Scientific Journal of Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization - Copyright 2006 by IBTO
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