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:: Volume 15, Issue 3 (Autumn 2018) ::
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2018, 15(3): 173-181 Back to browse issues page
The consumption rate and the transfusion threshold level of PRBCs in cardiac patients in Tohid Hospital, Sanandaj city
A. Jahangiryan Ms, M. Zadsar Dr., A. Chegini Dr., Mastaneh Alaei Dr.
Abstract:   (595 Views)
Background and Objectives
Transfusion is the most prevalent approach in surgery. Cardiac surgery is one of the most blood consuming operations. High transfusion trigger is indicative of inappropriate PRBC usage. Therefore, we decided to evaluate PRBC usage and transfusion triggers in cardiac surgery in a hospital in Kurdistan province.
Materials and Methods
In this descriptive study, files of all patients having undergone cardiac surgery during 1394 were studied. Information regarding preoperative Hb, transfusion trigger, units of transfused PRBC and related wards in which transfusion had been taken place was extracted. SPSS 16 Chicago, T-student and one way ANOVA, and χ2 exams were respectively used for data analysis, the mean difference, and ratio comparison.
Among 105 patients, 37 (35.2%) women and 68 (64.8%) men, with the mean age of 62 ± 10.7, 77 received at least one blood product. Meanwhile, 70 (66.6%) patients received PRBC in at least one stage of their postoperative hospitalization. Mean transfusion trigger was obtained to be  11.7 ± 1.9 (11.4  and 12.1 in women and men, respectively). Women generally showed  lower Hb levels (p = 0.025) , although this did not prove to be statistically significant in peri- operative PRBC transfusion rate. Mean PRBC usage in operating room, ICU and postoperative wards were 1.00 ± 1.22 , 1.26 ± 1.70, and 0.17 ± 0.52, respectively.
The results revealed that the mean transfusion rates and triggers in our study are higher compared with similar studies. Serious revision in adopting appropriate transfusion triggers and managing transfusion cases is absolutely essential.

Keywords: Key words: Transfusion, Cardiac Surgery, Iran
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Blood transfusion medicine
Published: 2018/12/4
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Jahangiryan A, Zadsar M, Chegini A, Alaei M. The consumption rate and the transfusion threshold level of PRBCs in cardiac patients in Tohid Hospital, Sanandaj city. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ. 2018; 15 (3) :173-181
URL: http://bloodjournal.ir/article-1-1208-en.html

Volume 15, Issue 3 (Autumn 2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پژوهشی خون Scientific Journal of Iran Blood Transfus Organ
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