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Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2016, 13(3): 197-206 Back to browse issues page
Frequency of HBV, HCV and HIV infections among Sabzevar blood donors based on demographic characteristics during 2009-2013
S. Yazhan, E. Sohrabi, P. Jamili, S.E. Saffari, M.Sh. Mojaddadi
Keywords: Key words: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV, Blood Transfusion, Blood Donors, Blood Safety
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Blood donation
Published: 2016/09/7
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Original  Article
 
 
 
 
 
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2016; 13(3):
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2016; 13(3): 197-206
 
 
 
  Frequency of HBV, HCV and HIV infections among
Sabzevar blood donors based on demographic
 characteristics during 2009-2013
 
Yazhan S.1, Sohrabi E.1, Jamili P.2,3, Saffari S.E.4, Mojadadi M.Sh.5
 
1Student Research Committee, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
2Blood Transfusion Research Center, High Institute for Research and Education in Transfusion Medicine, Tehran, Iran
3Sabzevar Regional Blood Transfusion Center, Sabzevar, Iran
4School of Public Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
5Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
 
Abstract
Background and Objectives
Dangerous infections such as hepatitis B, C and HIV can be transmitted through blood transfusion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of hepatitis B, C and HIV infections among Sabzevar blood donors based on demographic characteristics, during 2009-2013.
 
Materials and Methods
In this cross-sectional study, required information including demographic characteristics and serologic test results (HBsAg, Anti-HCV, Anti-HIV) of all blood donors during 2009 to 2013 were extracted from records. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) using SPSS software version 18.
 
Results
The total number of blood donors was 57335 people. Frequency rates of Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV were 3, 0.2, and 0 per 1000, respectively. The highest and the lowest infection rates were in donors over 50 years and 21-30 years, respectively (7.1 and 2.1 per 1000). The infection frequency was higher in women than men (4.1 and 3.1 per 1000, respectively), and in married than singles (3.3 and 2.5 per 1000). Also, the infections frequency was higher in the first-time donors than regular and multi-time donors with Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV rates of 11.4, 0.1, and 0.08 per 1000, respectively.
 
Conclusions 
The results show low levels of hepatitis B and C and the absence of HIV infections among Sabzevar blood donors. This indicates the effectiveness of screening methods, and thus the safety of blood products in Sabzevar.
 
Key words: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV, Blood Transfusion, Blood Donors, Blood Safety
 
 
 
 
Received: 23 Nov 2015
Accepted:11 May 2016
 
 

Correspondence: Mojadadi M.Sh., PhD of Immunology. Assistant Professor of Immunology, Department of Immunology of Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences.
P.O.Box: 319, Sabzevar, Iran. Tel: (+9851) 44446070; Fax: (+9851) 52523748
E-mail: mojadadim@medsab.ac.ir
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Yazhan S, Sohrabi E, Jamili P, Saffari S, Mojaddadi M. Frequency of HBV, HCV and HIV infections among Sabzevar blood donors based on demographic characteristics during 2009-2013. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2016; 13 (3) :197-206
URL: http://bloodjournal.ir/article-1-998-en.html


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Volume 13, Issue 3 (Autumn 2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پژوهشی خون Scientific Journal of Iran Blood Transfus Organ
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