:: Volume 6, Issue 2 (Summer 2009) ::
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2009, 6(2): 147-158 Back to browse issues page
Hijama through the passage of time
A. Gharehbaghian Dr. , M. Mehran Dr., Gh. Karimi Dr., V. Vafaiyan Dr., M. Tabrizi Namini
Abstract:   (20504 Views)


 Blood-letting is defined to be the withdrawal of blood from a patient. Considering the mysterious, life-saving, and occassionally miraculous nature of blood during the evolving history of man, civilization, and science, this red liquid being the token of life and death throughout centuries was used as evidence for clinical diagnosis of special diseases or otherwise as definite and soothing treatment of patients. Based on the existing evidence, hijama or blood withdrawal in cultural and religious beliefs and customs of certain tribes has had even a special status in saving man from devil or evil forces. The accessible old documents show the expansion of blood drawing as a known life-saving element and treatment method in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome in different forms including hijama. However, the development of medical sciences, particularly transfusion medicine and blood transfusion sciences, the treatment and preventive role of hijama and other methods like arteriotomy and leech cupping started to get less prominence except for some eastern countries especially Islamic states where hijama is still employed to relieve soul and treat diseases as a tool of preserving traditions. In Iran, considering the available standards based on which potential blood donors with recent hijama experience are defered for one year, it is necessary to raise awareness of all those involved in the field of blood transfusion and the whole community about the history of hijama so as to see how we can better deal with this historical and traditional controversial topic.


 Key words : Leeching, Venesection, phlebotomy, Blood letting

Keywords: Leeching, Venesection, phlebotomy, Blood letting
Full-Text [PDF 555 kb]   (9090 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Blood transfusion medicine
Published: 2014/08/16

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Volume 6, Issue 2 (Summer 2009) Back to browse issues page