:: Volume 19, Issue 1 (Spring 2022) ::
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2022, 19(1): 10-23 Back to browse issues page
Identification and risk assessment in the process of blood donation in a fixed blood collection center of Saqez city by Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
S. Mohammadi, M.S. Karimian, S. Khodakarimi, S. Babahajiyani, A. Pourali, S. Vafaei
Abstract:   (494 Views)
Abstract
Background and Objectives
Risk is a combination of the likelihood of an incident occurring and the severity of the consequences if that incident were to occur. The aim of this research is to identify and evaluate the risk factors in the blood donation process in a fixed blood collection center of Saqez city by failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA).

Materials and Methods
It is a descriptive-applied study that was performed in a fixed blood collection center of Saqez in 2020. The researcher collected and analyzed the data using FMEA worksheets. Then the risk priority number is obtained by multiplying the three indicators of failure severity (S), the failure probability of occurrence (O), and the failure detection (D). Finally, the priority was based on the failures.

Results
Finally, 30 sub-processes were identified, of which 20 sub-processes with acceptable risk and 10 sub-processes with unacceptable risk were identified. The highest identified risk is related to the donor not paying attention to safety points before and after blood donation with a priority risk number of 168 and the lowest is attributed to the shaker not alarmed when the blood donation process ends with a RPN of 48.

Conclusions 
Many of the failures identified will be reduced or eliminated by training, providing up-to-date equipment, and changing procedures and working methods.

 
Keywords: Risk, Risk Assessment, Blood Donors, Blood Donation
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Blood donation
Published: 2022/03/30


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Volume 19, Issue 1 (Spring 2022) Back to browse issues page