:: Volume 18, Issue 3 (Autumn 2021) ::
Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ 2021, 18(3): 196-204 Back to browse issues page
The ratio of cross-matched blood to transfusion in trauma patients receiving blood in the emergency department of Besat hospital in Hamadan in 2020
H. Rafieemehr, ّF. Lorestani rad, L. Majidi, A. Jahangiri
Abstract:   (439 Views)
Abstract
Background and Objectives
Trauma is one of the most common causes of emergency room visits. In the present study, the ratio of cross-matched blood to transfusion (C/T) and blood transfusion index (TI) in trauma patients receiving blood was determind to inform hospitals about the coordination between actual need and blood demand.
 
Materials and Methods
This retrospective cross-sectional study was performed on the records of 384 patients in the emergency department of Besat Hospital in Hamadan in 1399. A checklist was used to record demographic data and the blood request form of eligible patients. Finally, the data were analyzed by independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance by SPSS software version 22.
 
Results
Out of 813 cross-matched units, 576 blood units were injected into 384 trauma patients. C/T and TI were 1.41 and 1.51, respectively. The number of requested blood units, the number of blood transfused units, and the C/T ratio in patients with penetrating trauma (1.63±1.79) were significantly higher than non-penetrating trauma (1.26±1.09)(p< 0.0001). There was a significant relationship between the indication of blood request and the number of units of blood requested by cross-match, the number of units of blood injected and the C/T ratio (p <0.0001).
 
Conclusions 
The present study showed that the C/T ratio and TI in trauma patients receiving blood in the emergency department of Besat Hospital in Hamadan in 1399 was favorable.
 
 
Keywords: Key words: Trauma, Hospitals, Blood Transfusion
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Blood banking
Published: 2021/08/1


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Volume 18, Issue 3 (Autumn 2021) Back to browse issues page